For those involved with the Brahma Kumaris, to discuss issues about the BKWSU in a free and open manner.
- fluffy bunny
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- Joined: 07 Apr 2006
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- Please give a short description of your interest in joining this forum.: ex-BK. Interested in historical revisionism, failed predictions and abuse within the BK movement.
The English word god comes from the identical 'Old English' word (guþ/gudis in Gothic, gud in Scandinavian, God in Dutch and Gott in German) all deriving from the Proto-Germanic gudan.
The earliest written form of the Germanic word 'god' comes from the 6th century Christian Codex Argenteus. Most linguists agree that the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European form "ghu-to-m" was based on the root ghau(ə)- which meant either "to call" or "to invoke".
The capitalized form God was first used in Wulfila's Gothic translation of the New Testament to represent the Greek 'Theos'. In the English language, the capitalization continues to represent a distinction between monotheistic "God" and "gods" in polytheism. In spite of significant differences between religions such as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, the Bahá'í Faith, and Judaism, the term "God" remains an English translation common to all. The name may signify any related or similar monotheistic deities, such as the early monotheism of Akhenaten and Zoroastrianism.
The Proto-Germanic meaning of gudan and its etymology are uncertain. The Proto-Indo-European root was possibly derived from a root 'geu' meaning "to pour or libate" (Sanskrit huta, see hotr) or from a root 'gau' "to call or to invoke" (Sanskrit hūta).
The pre-Christian meaning of the Germanic term may either have been "that which is libated upon, an idol" or in the light of Greek χυτη γαια "poured earth". The Germanic form may have referred to the spirit immanent in a burial mound" or invocation or prayer.
Worth comparing with the meanings of Sanskrit Brahman, "that which is invoked" and re-thinking the concept.
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